Scoliosis is a condition that affects the normal shape of the spine, altering a person’s overall trunk alignment and posture. Scoliosis is defined as a curvature of the spine, which shifts to the side and may also exhibit rotation. This condition can occur at any time during the lifespan, but is more commonly detected during adolescence. Scoliosis ranges from mild to severe cases, requiring a variety of treatments. Scoliosis is usually a pain-free condition, but pain may occur as the spine curves abnormally and affects the surrounding muscles and joints. These changes may alter a person’s alignment, posture, and movement patterns, causing irritation, pain, and hunching of the back. Muscles that usually support the spine may become imbalanced in scoliosis, leading to a loss of strength and flexibility. Scoliosis ranges from mild to severe cases, requiring a variety of treatments. The more severe cases may require surgery.